Thursday, March 17, 2011

What is Gonorrhoea?

Gonorrhoea is the infection of the mucous membrane of genitourinary tract with Niesseria gonorrhoea.The eyes may also be infected.
Causative agent:
The causative agent Niesseria gonorrhoea is a diplococcus.It is a gram negative intracellular organism.
Mode of Transmission:
The infection is transmitted during the sexual intercourse with an infected partner.
   In males the infection starts in the anterior part of the urethra and tends to spread to the prostate and sometime even up to epididymis.The patient complaints of dysuria,increased frequency of micturition,and a white discharge from urethra.
   In females the infection is mainly in the urethra,the bartholinian glands and the cervix of the uterus.Patients complaint of dysuria and vaginal discharge.Cervicitis  and acute salpingitis can also occur.
Incubation period:
  It is 3 to 10 days.
Specific treatment of gonorrhoea:
A single intramuscular injection of 600,000 units of Procaine penicillin is in most instances sufficient.

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